WWII SHORT

Introduction

World War II is a repeat of World War I.  Happens from 1939-44.  This is the one with Hitler.

 

The holocaust, 6 + 5 million

 

It shows how horrible a country can be.  All potential uglyness of government.  It is the turning of government into a hate machine.

 

It happens on two fronts the Asian and the European.  In the European front The Nazis in German are the enemy.  In Asia the Japanese are the enemy.

 

we’ve talksed of the three post industrial ideas that have been fought over. 

My grandfather fought in this war.

 

THREE PHILOSOPHIES

Capitalism - usa

v

communism - russia

v

fascism – germany

 

714 to 718 due on MOnday

 

Fascism

Fascism is government for national power.

 

4 parts of fascism

1- Nationalism

What is bigger an individual or a nation?  A nation.

Can an individual survive without a group?  No.  The modern group being a nation.

 

Can a nation survive without an individual?  Sure!

So you need the nation more than it needs you. 

Wouldn’t you be willing to do something to help that nation then?

 

Ask if we might not get the School stronger by shooting a few people?  Is the school not more important than the individuals in it?  WOULD IT?

 

5  LINES - WHAT MIGHT BE WRONG WITH MY PLAN FOR HELPING THE SCHOOL?

Read HITLER PSYCHOLOGY HANDOUT

 

The center of liberalism is indiidualism. 

Nazi - Fascist philosophy and practice are a complete denial of individualism .  The leader and the individual are to be totally identified with the country.

 

Nazi - Fascism emphasized the poeple collectivly.    The german people are one.

 

CAN ANY GROUPS EXIST OUTSIDE OF THE STATE?

The breakdown of the state into conflicting groups weakened it.  Capital and labor, Protestant and Catholic, political parties all weakened.

 

Nothing exists outside the state.  The state is the indivisible totality of everything within the nation.

The primary function of every individual , club, church, school scientific socity, businsess is thus the political one of service tot the state.

 

In other countries the individual exists for the government/nation

In this country the government exists for the nation.

Freedom from fear

2 - Anti - democracy

Are people all equal?  Really?

If we made you President would you have a clue?  Remember einstein. 

Equal at sports?  Equal at Math?  Equal at what?!?!?!

It takes a beautiful kind of soul to recognize rank.  To recognize that you may have it but that some are better than you and that is beauty.

A noble dignified person recocgizes and obeys rank.  Gross people dismiss it and try to bring everything down to their level.  They touch everything with their grubby hands.

Equal at rights?  We already Established that rights come from the Nation. 

Some people are just better than others.  Some people are retards.  They watch TV alot and they suck.  They have no ability.

Democracy is the rule by the mob, the uneducated.  A good leader cannot be bothered by the opinion of a million retards.  This is not a sign of strength.

Remember Nietzsche. 

If some are better than others, then the nation is strongest when the leaders lead.

 

The courageous despot who demonstrates his hold upon the masses is the one fit to rule. 

And he must be able to tell the weak what to do.

He must rule by fear not love and humanitarianism.

This kind of power will make the nation strong. 

 

Young men possessed of the desired traits were prepared through Nazi youth organizations and special schools for positions of political and military leadership.

 

5 LINES -Why should everyone have a vote no matter how low.

Freedom of speech

 

3- corporatism

Isnt’ what is good for business good for you?

The businesses ran the government under hitlers control.

Previous to his rise the ruin of the economy and credit given to big industry by the central government meant that big industries swallowed up little ones.

Congress in this country is made up of the House of Representative and the Senate.

House of rep is by population and senate is by state.

 

 Hitler strengthened the cartels.  Strikes and competition against them was made illegal.  All had to join them.  And they, with the minister of economic Affairs, could stop others from doing anything they thought wronged them or the nation.

AND he strengthened the states control over them.  He gave the Minister of Economic Affairs discretion over their

If the government takes over the business that is communism and extremely left

If the businesses take over the government that is fascism and extremely right

 

They had industry by type and industry by region.

 

5 LINES - WHAT MIGHT BE WRONG WITH THIS

Freedom from want.

 

4 - Racism

There was a jewish world conspiracy to master the world.  The Jewish weapons were communist revolutions, moral degradation, financial control, pacifism, democracy and internationalism.  “The beginning of this plot was to subdue the Germans, but hitler had caught on.

 

Read - Consequences of RACIAL CROSSINGS HANDOUT

 

The Nazis believed that race is the prime determinant in society.  Pure Aryans are inherently superior and are biologically destined to rule over Slavs, Latins, Negroes and Jews.  But Jews in particular contaminate a society.

 

Slavs were “barbarians” and Jews “Sub - Human”

 

Hitler began by dismissing “non-Aryans” from official, military and professional posts in 1933.

 

 He immediately started propoganda campaigns concerning the supremacy of the germans or aryans.

 

A non aryan being defined legally to include anyone with one Jewish granparent or anyone who married non-aryans.

HITLER ON RACE THEORY

The government got mobs to attack jews and their property.  In 1935 they were deprived of citizenship and many were put in concentration camps.

 

They took Jewish businesses, financial and professional interests and gave them to “Aryans”.

 

The Germans were to conquor all lesser peoples of europe.

 

Any germans who objected to this were also put in prison or in confinement.

 

Hitler’s beginnings

Homeless artist

WWI VET

Stabbed in the back.

 

After the war the Weimar republic took over.  Germany was in terrible economic straights.

 

As part of reparations the French occupied a very important economic part of Germany, the rurh valley for economic purposes

 

The Weimar said that there should be passive resistance.  Don’t cooperate.    But this led to only worse economic conditions and political problems.

 

SHOW MUD AND BLOOD OLE SOLDIERS SEQUENCE

 

Hitler Kills 11 million of his own people.  Is with guns and burials, then with gas and fire.

 

The country started to have a lot of extreme parties.  One of these was the National Socialist Workers Party.  Mostly known as the Nazis.  Hitler was the 7th person to join this party and quickly  took it over. 

 

Hitler designed the flags and took the lead in making ideas and posters and mostly led due to great speaking. 

 

Swastika is the ancient aryan symbol.

 

READ GOEBBELS REACTION TO HEARING HIM SPEAK

 

 He knew one must be late for all speaches.

Hitler could speak for 2 or three hours.

 

He became the Furher or Leader. 

 

In Jail Hiltler wrote Mein Kampf. 

READ HITLER  JEWS handout

 

 

MAKE A MAP OF EUROPE!!

War starts

Hitler constantly brough Europe to the brink of another world war.  But the Allies tried appeasement: Doing anything but going to war to avoid war.

 

The league of Nations held the peace through the 1920s.  The Kellog Braind pact got 60 nations to say they would only fight in Defence (including Britain and France).

 

Japanese

But first the Japanese showed the League of nations weak by attacking Korea.  They took it in 1905. They seized Manchuria in 1932. Italy and Germany were the only countries that recognized Manchuko.  In 1938 Japan left the league of nations.

 

Show the video about the Japanese war crimes.

 

Japan had a history of Samuri fighters.  They attcked and took Korea in 1905.  They seized Manchuria in 1932. Italy and Germany were the only countries that recognized Manchuko.  In 1938 Japan left the league of nations.

 

Italy

In 1935 Italy attacked ethiopia and the league applied economic sanctions.  They would starve Italy out.  But many exceptions were made to the total blockade.

 

Italy quit the League in 1937.

 

Mussolini actually invents fascism.  He coined the phrase and comes to power in October of 1922.

 

Itlay was on the winning side of WWI.  But despite high cost and effort, their military results were small.

 

They came out of the versailles treaty without much.

Economics were bad in Italy (despite vicotry)  Farmers and industrial workers, under the influence of communism and the bolshevik success, started seizing property.

 

He sided with the capitalist rich and church and order.  Yet he was an ex-marxists and so new the rhetoric that enthralled the working class and got their alliance.

 

His popularity and streetgangs got the King to make him Prime Miister in 1922.

 

He made the party with the plurality get two thirds of Parliament seats and so by 1928 ended real democracy.  He then appointed officials for life. 

 

He made unions illegal. workers and bosses had to join the state and work with its solutions.  Italy was not to be split.

 

The fascist formula for economic success is military and public works spending.  So he talked alot of crap about bringing rome back and attacked and barely held Ethiopia.

 

Show Mussolini video

Spain

Spain had from 33-39 a war between the Communists and the fascists and the anarchists.  Italy and Germany backed the fascists and in 1939 Franco became the Fascist leader of Spain.

 

Germany

First he scrapped the treaty of Versailles. (1935) saying he would develop an army in excess of 100,000 men.  Then he marched into the demilitarized Rhineland are (1936). 

In 1936 he signed a treaty with Japan against Russia.  Japan was ruled more and more by the military from 1905 on.  By 1931 it was a fascist country.

 

In 1936 and 1937 Hitler and Mussolini supported Franco’s fascist takeover of Spain (1939).  Fascist Franco ruled Spain until 1975.

 

Now Western Europe had 3 fascist countries.

 

Hitler took back Part of France (Rhineland, 1937).  He said it was german and they should have it.  He did this at a time when Frances government was having an internal crisis.

 

In 1938 he seized Austria.  He first started with newspaper and radio propoganda then had intimidating conferences with political leaders.  Then he concentrated and marched in Nazi troops and finally had a triumphal entry with all cheering.

 

Then he announced he would rescue Germans in the Sudaten land of Czechoslovakia.  This looked like world war because Czechoslovakia said it’d fight.  And france said they’d go to war to defend Czechoslovakia.  Neville Chamberlin convinced them that war was bad and that there were Germans in it.

 

With Germany and Mussolini they worked out the dividing of Czechoslovakia.  In return Hitler promised to let the rest of it be independent.  Czechoslovakia had been betrayed. Hitler lied.

 

Europe Fighting war strategy

North Africa Campaign

D-DAY Show private Ryan clip

Battle of the bulge

            Code-

Navajo Code Talkers

ENIAC

 

WAR ENDS

Hitler dies in the bunker

Mussolini:

Mussolini was trying to escape Italy into Switzerland.  He was caught by anti-fascists and hung upside down and beated dead and with half his clothes off.

 

Hitler:

Hitler heard of this and decided to kill himself in a bunker with goebbels.  Hitler got married right before to his girlfriend Eva Braun.  Goebbels killed his whole family children then wife then killled himself.

 

SHOW FDR VIDEO

DOMESTIC US WAR STRATEGY

Japanese Camps

Victory gardens.

 

Rationing

Manhattan project

PGS 732 Life on the home front – End (Pg 737)

 

WWII finish in the EAST

General Douglas MacArthur in the Orient

During the war, scientists in the united states learned that the germans were working on a bomb that came from spliting an atom.  Nuclear force.  This was known as the atom bomb.

 

Albert Einstein wrote a letter to FDR telling him that he should start a research project to develop this weapon.  This really hurt Albert Einstein as he was very much a believer in god and peace.  This bomb’s abilites were unknown and could end the world.  The Manhattan project was secretly started.

 

We had two big battles trying to get to islands close enough to japan to start an invasion. 

These island were okinawa and Iwo Jima.  They fought so hard.  They fought so hard that we concluded that  we would lose 100,000 men invading Japan.  One of those would have been my grandfather.

 

Stalin said he would help attack japan, but by May 8th had made no moves to do so.

 

The American decision to drop the bomb became the Last and Most controversial decision of the war.

Some scientists wanted to just threaten and hope that was enough.  Truman didn’t think so. 

Another idea was to just stage a demonstration.  But would the bomb actually work?  A technical failure would convcince them to fight harder.  And either way, would a demonstration work?  Truman decided to drop it without warning. 

 

The enola Gay dropped the bomb on Hiroshima on August 6th but they didn’t give up. 

130000 dead, as many wounded and 81% of their buildings destroyed.

On August 9th the second was dropped on Nagasaki.    This took 60,000 lives.  But even then it took 5 days to surrender unconditionally.

 

The bombs cost 130,000 lives.  The soviets got into the war for the last 7 days (after hiroshima) and so claimed all of mongolia.  Thought being that the 2nd bomb was dropped to impress Russia, not Japan.

 

We didn’t see how frightening a nuclear monopoly was to the russians. 

 

POST- WAR

1)     Nuremburg trials

2)     With the end in sight Churchill, Roosevelt, and Stalin met at Yalta in the Crimea in February of 1945 to discuss plans for defeated Germany.  

 

a)They decided to divide Germany  into four occupational zones (British, French, russian and american with a joint control commission in Berlin) 

 

b)They also agreed to have a conference in San Franscisco in April to write a constitution for a permanent international organization: the United Nations.

 

c) The negotiators at Yalta also recognized the Russian right to reorganize eastern Europe, to which Churchill and Roosevelt really had no alternative unles they were prepared to drive the Russians fro eastern Europe by force.  And that would have been unthinkable given the popularity the russians had gained during their desperate defense against invasion, not to speak of a war with Japan yet to be won. 

 

Historical reasons made the West accept Russia as an ally, but there was a price to be paid.

 

TWO RESULTS OF WW II

1) THE UN

United Nations

Origin

The real origin of the UN lies in the history of the west.  This uniquely western ideal of rights.  It comes from Greece and Christianity and the Enlightnement and the US constitution and later the french revolution and their constitution.

 

The worst enemy is of course war.

 

After WWI the League of nations was created.  It eventually had 60 nations in it.  It was concerned with rights on many levels.  Rights of refugees and stateless persons, political cultural or religious minorities.  It helped millions of refugees  and achieved rights for some poeople.

 

But world war two, first by japan and then by mussolini then by hitler, had shown the League to be weak and the idea of human rights not to be universal.

 

In 1945 WWII was clearly coming to an end.  With the end in sight Churchill, Roosevelt, and Stalin met at Yalta in the Crimea in February of 1945 to discuss plans for defeated Germany.   They also agreed to have a conference in San Franscisco in April to write a constitution for a permanent international organization: the United Nations.

 

Millions had died in that war and millions were homeless, cold and hungry.  The peopple of the whole world wanted a lasting peace.  All the countries that were dominated by other countries wanted freedom and justice.


This was what started the United Nations. 

 

The NAZIs made everyone see what horrors can occur if rights are taken away.

 

PURPOSE FOR THE UN

Read purpose for  UN.

 

HOW DO YOU THINK PEOPLE WHO LIVED A T THE TIME OF WWII FELT ABOUT PEACE?

HOW ABOUT TODAY?

 

WHAT DOES FREEDOM OF SPEECH AND EXPRESSION HAVE TO DO WITH PEACE?

WHAT DOES FREEDOM OF WORSHIP HAVE TO DO WITH PEACE?

WHAT DOES FREEDOM FROM WANT HAVE TO DO WITH PEACE?

 

They are to decide which 5 problems of the world are the most important and why.

 

They must find a country in the un STAT handout.  They must record 7 facts about that country in long hand form.

 

READ Universal Declaration of Human rights.  Write 5 lines on 4 of the human rights.  Tell how each right can lead to peace.

 

SHOULD HUMAN RIGHTS BE UNIVERSAL?  DO ALL GET HUMAN RIGHTS? (5 LINES)

What are 5 rights that people should have.

 

2) ISRAEL